Scheda libro
Non-Fiction

Cinema & Experience

Le teorie di Kracauer, Benjamin e Adorno

  • Author: Miriam Bratu Hansen
  • Year: 2013
  • Language: Italian
  • Pages: 416
  • Price: 38.00 €
  • ISBN: 978-88-6010-087-0
  • Size: cm 15.5 x 23
  • Finish: Arcoprint edizioni

Cinema studies have undergone such proliferation since the 1990s as to become an authentic academic discipline. Their object of investigation now appears, however, to be gradually dissolving into a flux of ever-changing, global and globalizing culture of the image, audiovisual, electronic, digital and web.

Miriam Bratu Hansen goes back to the principle, to the clear-sighted critique of modernity developed by three pillars of 20th-century aesthetics, Kracauer, Benjamin and Adorno, on this particular medium: not on what cinema is but on what it does, on the particular sensory and mimetic experience that it makes possible for spectators. Starting, for example, from the Mickey Mouse cartoons, whose immense popularity Benjamin attributed simply to “the fact that the public recognizes its own life in them”. This is not therefore an ontology of cinema but an attempt to understand its role within evolving modernity, albeit with different perspectives and approaches. In point of fact, films make a substantial contribution to the reconfiguration of experience understood in its fullest sense of Erfahrung, as everyday life, social and working relationships, the economic and political spheres.

Despite the competitive media environment into which it is embedded, cinema has survived, adapted and transformed itself. The recent opening of the digital frontier and the necessary rethinking of devices as well as fundamental film categories like movement and animation present a new challenge that is not, however, a threat. Having “burst this prison-world asunder with the dynamite of the tenth of a second”, cinema could reopen apparently closed chapters of aesthetics and restore their contemporary relevance.

  • About the author
  • Contents
  • More info

Miriam Bratu Hansen (1949-2011), one of the founders of cinema studies, was born in Germany and studied in Frankfurt with Habermas and Adorno before moving to the United States. In 1990 she arrived at Chicago University, where she opened the department of cinema and media studies and taught their until her death. In addition to important joint works with Alexander Kluge, she wrote countless texts on the history of cinema and film theory.

Prefazione
Ringraziamenti
Fonti

Kracauer
1. Il cinema, medium di un mondo che si disintegra
1.1 Verso un materialismo modernista
1.2 La fotografia e il Vabanque-Spiel della storia
2. Un curioso americanismo
2.1 La massa come ornamento e come pubblico
2.2 Cultura di massa, classe, soggettività
2.3 Modernità in competizione, possibilità che si riducono

Benjamin
3. Attualità, antinomie
3.1 Il saggio sull’opera d’arte: strategie testuali, infortuni concettuali
3.2 Masse, distrazione
4. Aura: l’appropriazione di un concetto
4.1 L’aura in senso lato
4.2 L’arte auratica, la bella apparenza
4.3 L’aura, l’immagine primordiale, la coscienza onirica
4.4 Incontri auratici con il Sé, proficua autoestraniazione
5. Scambiare la luna per una palla
5.1 L’innervazione
5.2 La facoltà mimetica
5.3 L’inconscio ottico
6. Micky-Maus
6.1 Il riso collettivo: terapia e terrore
6.2 Una favola modernista
6.3 La creatura ibrida: “scardinare la teleologia della natura”
6.4 Eccesso e addomesticamento
7. La forma ludica della seconda natura
7.1 Spiel e teoria del gioco
7.2 Lo spazio di gioco, la seconda tecnica, la ripetibilità
7.3 Antinomie del gioco

Adorno
8. La questione dell’estetica cinematografica
8.1 Tecnica e tecnologia
8.2 Trasparenze
8.3 Immagine/scrittura
8.4 Bellezza naturale, carattere linguistico
8.5 Movimento, tempo, musica

Kracauer in esilio
9. Teoria del film
9.1 Marsiglia-New York
9.2 Cinema come anticamera della storia

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